Vaccination schedule for your baby: Is yours up-to-date?
Vaccinate your baby regularly as per the immunisation schedule
Vaccines can protect your baby from a host of life-threatening diseases. Yes, its torturous for a parent to witness her little one go through the whole drill of poke, pain and irritability after immunisation every few weeks. But this temporary uneasiness is any day better than the trauma caused by diseases prevented by vaccination.
Parents must make sure that their children are immunised at the right intervals to equip their bodies to fight fatal infections. Dr Raghuram Mallaiah, Director Neonatology, Fortis La Femme, Delhi, provides the following list of vaccines for babies upto the age of one year:
After a vaccine, a child may be cranky and there may be redness or tenderness at the injection site. Sometimes, babies may experience a mild fever. But serious side effects after immunisation, such as severe allergic reactions, are rare.
Vaccination for children in India is carried out under the Universal Immunization Program (UIP). In addition to the UIP list, the Indian Academy of Pediatrics, a representative association body of paediatricians, has newer vaccines in its schedule.
Continue reading to know which diseases you can safeguard your baby against with the above vaccines
Diseases prevented by vaccines in the immunisation schedule
- BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
What it prevents: Tuberculosis, a fatal, infectious bacterial disease which affects the lungs.
- OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
What it prevents: Poliomyelitis (polio), which damages the nervous system, causing muscle weakness or paralysis. It is provided free by the Government for children upto age 5. Even if a child has been administered polio drops once, he must be given the dose regularly till he completes 5 years of age.
- Hepatitis B
What it prevents: Liver infection caused by Hepatitis B virus.
- HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
What it prevents: Cervical cancer & other genital cancers in the female child.
What it prevents: Diphtheria (upper respiratory illness), pertussis (whooping Cough) and tetanus. Diptheria and pertussis are bacterial infections affecting the respiratory organs and tetanus is characterized by muscle spasms.
- HiB (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)
What it prevents: Meningitis, which affects membranes surrounding the brain & the spinal cord.
What it prevents: Pneumococcal disease, caused by Streptococcus Pneumonia bacteria. It affects the respiratory tract.
- IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)
What it prevents: Poliomyelitis (polio), which damages the nervous system, causes muscle weakness or paralysis. This vaccine is an injectable unlike the OPV, which is administered orally.
What it prevents: Rotavirus infection, which causes severe diarrhoea among infants.
- Influenza (Optional)
What it prevents: Infection caused by the Influenza virus which causes infection of the respiratory system.
What it prevents: Measles, a viral infection which causes an infection of the respiratory system.
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