#Justin: Uterus transplant procedure coming to India in early 2016

#Justin: Uterus transplant procedure coming to India in early 2016

India is all set to welcome the much-hailed uterus transplant procedure with the first recipient in Bengaluru. Here's all that you need to know about it

In an unprecedented move that could change the lives of many Indian women wanting to become mothers, the Medical Council of India (MCI) has given their nod to India's first womb transplant. 

Reports suggest that a temporary registration has been granted to Dr Matt Brannstron, professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, to carry out the procedure in Bengaluru. He had earlier led a similar procedure in 2014 in Sweden, resulting in a healthy baby boy.

He will supposedly now collaborate with Bengaluru-based fertility centre, Milann and HCG Hospitals to carry out the procedure and bring this technology to India.

How will the procedure work in India?

Speaking to the media about this move, Dr Kamini Rao, founder and director of Milann and member of the National Advisory Committee for framing guidelines on Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), Union Health Ministry and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), pointed at some of the important points of the procedure.

She made the following observations while speaking to a leading daily:

  • Dr Brannstron had taken two sessions with leading doctors in the ART field to explain the techniques and outcome of the procedure he led in Sweden.
  • The team of doctors and medical professionals who will help him perform the procedure have also been finalised.
  • About 15 patients who are willing to try this procedure have already been registered by the said hospitals.
  • Ethical clearance from authorities, however, is ongoing and has not been finalised yet.

This procedure will benefit the women who suffer from the Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome.

What is Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome?

It is a genetic condition wherein women are born without a uterus. It is also characterised by the absence of uterus, vagina and cervix in women with no family history of the condition. Here are other characteristics of this syndrome:

  • Women who suffer from this syndrome do not have menstrual periods due to absence of uterus
  • Such women have normal ovaries, normal female genitalia and normal breast and pubic hair development
  • They may be unable to carry a pregnancy, but it possible if they go through ART
  • Such women may also have abnormally positioned or developed kidneys
  • Affected women may also have hearing problems and heart ailments.

For such affected women, uterus transplant has been hailed as an important medical development. Here's how the procedure works.

Uterus transplant procedure

This procedure will be carried out in three stages:

  • The first stage begins with harvesting of first stage oocytes (eggs), which are then used to create embryos. These embryos will be frozen for future implantation.
  • In the second stage, the uterus which has been harvested from a donor will be transplanted to the recipient. The organ is prepared to be placed in the recipient. This uterus will take six months to prepare for use.
  • The third stage includes implantation of embryos and follow up till the end of the pregnancy. The uterus transplant is a temporary solution, which is removed once the woman has had the number of children she so desires.

This procedure has been hailed as revolutionary by doctors with the hope that it would solve problems of infertility for many women.

Read: Frozen embryo transfer can lower the risk of preterm delivery by 20 percent

(News source: India Today)

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Written by

Deepshikha Punj

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