Make learning maths formulas fun for primary schoolers - A guide for parents

Got a kid who's entering primary school soon? Foster a love of numbers in your little one with this simple guide on teaching basic maths formulas at home.

maths formulas

Primary school maths formulas and concepts are indeed your child’s first introduction to the world of number maze and numeracy.

Proficiency in understanding the basic concepts and formulae in the primary school make a sound foundation for the child’s academic future. It is here that the parents need to take a proactive step and apprise themselves of what lies in store for the young learners.

Read on for a detailed list of the 6 most important primary school maths concepts your child will learn in the primary school:

6 Primary School Maths Formulas

1. Introduction to Numbers

Children of primary school will start with the basics of numbers from 0 to 9.  Following are some key milestones they will follow:

  • Counting the given number of objects, lines etc.
  • Comparing two given numbers, stating whether the first is lesser than (<), greater than (>) or equal (=) to the other.
  • Learning the concept of ordinal numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and so on)
  • Understanding the concept of place and face value

2. Addition and Subtraction

Below are some of the important milestones that will be covered for addition and subtraction:

  • Introduction to the concept
  • Use of the + and – symbols
  • Addition and subtraction of 1 and 2 digit numbers (within 100)
  • Mental calculations (with 25-30)

3. Multiplication and Division

In this subpart, the child will start by learning the basics of these primary school maths concepts. They will then move on to alternate methods of multiplication and division. Some important milestones covered include:

  • Meaning of X and /
  • Multiplication by repetitive addition and division by repetitive subtraction
  • Division of a given quantity into equal sets

4. Shapes

Though kids might have already learnt about the basic shapes in the playpen, yet they will learn all about them in the primary school in a more organized manner. The initial years will cover:

  • Recognition of basic shapes like circle, triangle, rectangle and square
  • Recognition of shapes in the objects of daily use
  • Introduction to 3D shapes, such as cube, cuboids, cone and cylinder

5. Time and Money

Some of the most important concepts in time and money will start in the initial years of primary school. Children will learn about:

  • Difference in 12-hour and 24-hour clock
  • Basics of coins and currency of different denominations
  • Basic symbols of currency ($ and £)

6. Data Interpretation and Analysis

Children will learn the basics of data analysis through the following subparts:

  • Reading pictographs
  • Analyzing bar graphs

Ways to Teach at Home

As much daunting as they might sound, primary school maths formulas are fun to learn for kids, especially if parents start them on the right way.

Below, we’ve listed some of the most helpful ways you can adopt to teach the basic primary school maths formulas at home:

  • Include real life situations. For addition and subtraction, give your child a handful of candies. Tell him to count them and then take some away. Ask him how many are left.
  • Refer to objects used in daily life to study shapes. For instance, ask your child what shape is your bangle or any similar object.
  • Ask your child to distribute a few pencils in the whole family. Give him 10 in all and tell him to distribute equally. You can vary the numbers according to the size of your own family.
  • Teach your child the art of connecting his daily activities to the time of the day and talk about it in both formats.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Jasmin Pannu

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