4 ailments in pregnancy every parent should be aware of

4 ailments in pregnancy every parent should be aware of

Are you aware of these very common illnesses during pregnancy? read to find out more.

Pregnancy is a delicate state. The baby is growing, and a lot of changes are occurring in the mother's body. For most of you, pregnancy is going to be free of any complications, but you need to be aware of a few illnesses you can get during pregnancy.

Here are the five most common symptoms and illnesses that may trouble mothers in their pregnancy.

1# Severe nausea that refuses to go

Most of the pregnant women experience some form of nausea in the first trimester. It is often depicted as a sign where the gharwale come to know about your pregnancy! This, and your cravings to eat something khatta!

However, for some, this nausea becomes more severe as time goes and may persist in the third trimester as well. It is then termed as Hyperemesis gravidarum. Though the cause of this is not known, it may lead to severe dehydration if ignored.

What should you do?

In most of the cases, you will feel severely fatigued, dehydrated and generally tired. You may lose your appetite. Contact your doctor if these symptoms persist.

Some IV fluids and nutrients would help ease your dehydration. The doctor would advise you about your nutrition and ways to combat nausea.

2# Anemia of Pregnancy

Iron deficiency Anaemia is a condition where your blood has less haemoglobin than normal. Haemoglobin is necessary to carry oxygen to various parts of the body. In a recent study, it was found that 6 in 10 women in India are anaemic. The scenario is even more grim in the eastern parts of India where it was at 72%.

A vegetarian diet deficient in iron combined with a lack of exercise increases your tendency towards anaemia. Your doctor will order some blood tests to check if you are anaemic, and would recommend some medicines if you are.

What should you do?

Please don't neglect these medicines. Also, there are a few foodstuffs that will help you build up your iron stores.

It is vital for your and your child's health to manage this anaemia of pregnancy. The good news about anaemia of pregnancy is that it will go away after you deliver.

Read on to know more about common illnesses of pregnancy

3# Diabetes of Pregnancy

We recently published an article about Gestational Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes of pregnancy. Diabetes is where your body is unable to lower your blood sugar levels. This leads to a lot of problems, including complicated delivery.

The good news is that it is temporary: it will go away after delivery. However, the chances of recurrence are high, and it will reappear in 2 out of 3 further pregnancies.

What should you do?

Loose weight before pregnancy. Lower pre-pregnancy weight reduces the chance of diabetes of pregnancy.

Eat well. A diet low in fats and preservatives would give better control over your sugar. Enlist the services of a dietician.

If you are already pregnant and diagnosed with GDM, you can plan the weight gain. Again, talk to your doctor about it.

Follow the management seriously. If you are supposed to take insulin, never miss a shot.

4# Hypertension of Pregnancy

An increase in blood pressure is known as hypertension. Gestational hypertension or high blood pressure of pregnancy occurs in the late pregnancy and goes away after delivery.

Due to high blood pressure, there is a strain put on the placenta, and lesser nutrients are passed on to the foetus. It may lead to a severe condition known as pre-eclampsia, that may lead to premature labour or complications like seizures or coma during labour.

What should you do?

If you have a history of high blood pressure before you get pregnant, you need to keep a tight watch over it. Monitor it daily or as frequently as your doctor suggests.

If you have no history of hypertension, check it at every doctor visit. If you are diagnosed with gestational hypertension, don't worry. follow your doctor's instructions and work with a dietitian for a good diet plan.

There is some wisdom in following the age old traditions for relief of symptoms. However, you should take into account the scientific evidence of a certain established treatments. If you find yourself being diagnosed of any of these ailments, please follow the advice of the doctor.

Most importantly, if you decide to follow some home remedies, discuss them with your obstetrician. Ultimately, your and your child's health is the most important thing in this phase of life.

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Written by

Anay Bhalerao

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