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It is generally true that if the first pregnancy has been smooth, the second pregnancy will be smoother. This is mainly because of the fact that various factors related to pregnancy have already been tested during the first pregnancy.
However, this is not always the case. Certain complications can be typical to a second pregnancy. One such example is the Rh factor, a protein present on the surface of red blood cells. Most people who have Rh factor are Rh-positive and those who do not have Rh factor are Rh-negative.
When an Rh-negative mother’s blood comes into contact with blood from her Rh-positive foetus, it causes the Rh-negative mother to make antibodies against the Rh-factor. These antibodies consider baby’s Rh factor as a harmful substance and attack it, leading to ‘Rh sensitization’. This can result in severe anaemia and jaundice in the child. To avoid any complications, an indirect Coomb’s test is done at the start of the pregnancy to determine whether there are antibodies in the mother’s blood.
Rh-negative mothers are given Anti-D immunoglobulin injection during pregnancy, if not sensitised. In some cases, women are also given these injections after delivery if the baby born is Rh-positive, to avoid any further complications. This also helps in reducing the incidence of Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) and prevents the mother from creating antibodies.
Some of the typical ways in which your second pregnancy might be different than the first:
baby's kicks during pregnancy
Also Read: 5 fun and easy pregnancy exercises recommended by healthcare professionals
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