Babies born prematurely more prone to bone defects

Babies born prematurely more prone to bone defects

Preventing preterm birth remains a challenge because the causes of preterm births are numerous, complex, and not always well understood

Although premature babies, for the most part, grow up to be normal, healthy adults, new study suggests that they are likely to suffer weaker bones down the line. Not only that, the study also found low birth weight is linked to developing osteoporosis.

“Our study shows that both those born prematurely with a very low birth weight and those who were born full term, but small for their gestational age, had lower bone mass than the control group, who were born full term with normal weights,” said Chandima Balasuriya from Norwegian University of Science and Technology)

Among the 186 adults between ages 26-28 that the research studied, 52 of them had low birth weights as babies, with a mean birth weight of 1.2 kilograms, and a mean gestational age of 29 weeks.

These findings are important since peak bone mass is a major determinant of future osteoporosis.

“Ensuring that children with low birth weights have a diet rich in calcium, vitamin D and protein, in combination with exercise that involves weight-bearing physical activities may help reduce risk of bone fractures later in life,” said Chandima Balasuriya.

Are preterm births preventable?

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, preventing preterm birth remains a challenge because the causes of preterm births are numerous, complex, and not always well understood.

However, pregnant women can take important steps to help reduce their risk of preterm birth and improve their general health.

Some of these steps include quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol, getting prenatal care upon the knowledge of pregnancy, and leading a generally healthy lifestyle.

Signs of preterm labor

  • Contractions (the abdomen tightens like a fist) every 10 minutes or more often
  • Change in vaginal discharge (a significant increase in the amount of discharge or leaking fluid or bleeding from the vagina)
  • Pelvic pressure—the feeling that the baby is pushing down
  • Low, dull backache
  • Cramps that feel like a menstrual period
  • Abdominal cramps with or without diarrhea

READ: Did you know gestational diabetes can give you preterm labour?

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