Mumbai 5-year-old affected with rare case of skull bone TB; Here’s how you can protect your child

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A child is more at risk of catching the TB bacteria when his or her immunity is low.

In a recent case that has come up in Mumbai, doctors have been stumped by a five-year-old boy who is said to be suffering from a rare case of skull bone TB.

The boy, who is from Govandi, Mumbai, has become one of the rarest cases of this type of a TB condition in the entire country.

Till date, doctors have not come across an instance of the TB bacilli affecting the skull in humans, because it usually only affects the spine and the bones in the limbs.

As a result, now, doctors are worried whether it is possible that TB bacilli can also affect other parts of the body, including the skull.

While this is definitely a cause for concern, there are a few things about TB you should keep in mind, to make sure your family is safe.

How does TB spread?

Tuberculosis mainly spreads through droplets of the infected person. When these are coughed or sneezed out by a person who is infected, anyone else who comes in contact with the same is at a high risk of catching the infection.

In some cases, your child may get affected with the TB bacteria but it may not be active, which means that the strains are there in the body but it has not started affecting your child yet.

TB does not spread by sharing utensils, bedding or clothing.

When is a child more at risk?

A child is more at risk of catching the TB bacteria when his or her immunity is low. Also, younger children are more at risk of being affected by the infection as compared to older children, as their immune systems are still not entirely developed.

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What are the symptoms of TB?

Symptoms can show up in different ways in different children and will also depend on the age of the child. Also, some children may have a few of the following symptoms while some may have all, or just very few.

Here are some of the most common symptoms of TB that you should watch out for in your child:

  • Sudden and unexplained weight loss
  • Swelling and pain in the glands
  • Fever
  • Interrupted growth phase
  • Coughing
  • Feeling tired or drowsy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the chest area
  • Sweating or chills at night

If you see any of the above in your child, make sure to get it checked by the doctor immediately to get the best medical care.

Immunity boosting foods for your child:

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Here are some foods that can help strengthen your child’s immunity:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Yogurt
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Cinnamon
  • Kiwi
  • Bell peppers
  • Berries
  • Eggs
  • Dals
  • Oats
  • Mushrooms
  • Nuts
  • Fish

Read 9 everyday habits that will help in boosting your child's immunity